Thursday, December 31, 2009
The diagram above, from Frances Moore Lappe's book "Getting a Grip: clarity, creativity and courage in a world gone mad" is that of the empowerment process that engages society in the creation of constructive business processes and generation of financial capital as a result of a sharing process. It is a process version of Drucker's approach based upon business principles. It's the antithesis of the existing cycle of powerlessness that has gripped the national and global economy as a result of abusive business practices and corporate political favoritism. That diagram is here to the left. It needs to be put out of its misery.
On her website, she speaks for herself:
Because we are creatures of the mind, says Lappe, it is the power of “frame” - our core assumptions about how the world works - that determines outcomes. She pinpoints the dominant, failing frame now driving our planet toward disaster. Then, with fresh insights, startling facts, and stirring vignettes of ordinary people pursuing creative solutions, Lappe uncovers a new, empowering frame emerging worldwide.
One "frame" that will have to be reversed is that of monopoly capitalism, which has evolved in this country and broken down the structure of anti-trust law that used to restrain this economic vector. The mega corporations have fostered this dysfunctional merchandising system which has divorced product and sales from their customer base, as well as created a global transit network that is burning fossil fuels at unprecedented rates.
Wednesday, December 30, 2009
A current outdoor space and landscape renovation of the patio is planned. The present owner is taking great care to respect its heritage and original design intent.
|Signpost The Pond Roof under the steel shade trellis|
Monday, December 28, 2009
The site has some database files and analysis that can be downloaded to examine the specific numbers.
Sunday, December 27, 2009
The AIACC Sustainable Architecture Taskforce prepared the following principles as a measure to review and propose legislation and agency practice. The principles emerged out of a day-long roundtable where the Taskforce discussed issues, principles and case studies that could be applied to AIACC’s efforts to advocate for laws and regulations that support sustainable building practices and more livable communities.
Issues like affordable ownership, Infill housing, and schools as centers of communities. It was a community-centered vision that was starting to incorporate sustainable practices in buildings and move away from the urban sprawl model to walkable urban areas. We especially noted that Prop 13 had shifted financial responsibility and capacity for schools away from local districts to the State, and felt that local community support for the schools was important. Our five issues were:
Issue 1: Project funders, public agencies and tenants, do not recognize the economic benefit of green building design.
Issue 2: Many agencies and institutions do not incubate a culture of innovative application of sustainable design.
Issue 3: Sustainable design is not being applied at city and regional scales.
Issue 4: Our use of natural resources is not sustainable and imperils our economy, health and political stability (water, air quality and climate)
Issue 5: There seems to be a lack of awareness among policymakers of benefits of sustainable design.
What a difference a decade makes. From the first small voices in 2001 to a 2009 global summit on warming and carbon reduction, with water a critical issue as the global weather changes and creates critical shortages of food and fresh water. All as a result of development, transportation and industrial wastes. Who's in control of this juggernaut? It's slipping out of the hands of the large developed societies and is necessarily becoming a consensus with the third world countries at the table which are struggling to survive in a new global era of limits.
This global dialogue (who knew?) is critical to addressing the development that has brought us to this unimaginable brink. The first world will need to concede tremendous resources to other countries in reparation for the carbon dump of the industrial revolution that has resulted in our situation today. Our lives are irreparably changed, and the sooner the corporate world gets that, the better chance our children will have to inhabit a decent world.
Friday, December 25, 2009
The Glen Canyon dam has a 50-year history of controversy, not only over the dam itself, but how to manage the river, the fish, the ecosystem and subsequently deal with the invasive plant species that have encroached into the Grand Canyon's ravines and along the river. A prime example of this is the tamarisk, or saltcedar trees, that are degrading the environment along the riverbanks and up in the plateaus of the ravines. They consume tremendous amounts of water as well as overgrowing other native plant species.
The story of radical environmentalism as well as the original exploration of the Canyon by John Wesley Powell spans the arc of the southwestern colonial era to the present day issues of water and environmental preservation.
So it was with relief and hope that I found that the Grand Canyon Sandbar Restoration experiment in 2008 has paid off in a new protocol by the Department of the Interior for experimental releases of high water flows to restore the sand beaches and ecosystem that were essentially cut off by the Glen Canyon dam. This is the start of a new approach to integrating natural processes and the controversial massive public works projects like the dam in order to minimize the environmental degradation that occurs with large dams.
Ultimately, perhaps, we can learn to use resources and integrate systems in a way that makes brute-force engineering like Glen Canyon Dam unnecessary. At least as it stands now, there will be no more Federal dollars put towards dam projects because of the consequences of damming rivers and disrupting the natural benefits of the rivers and their ecosystems.
Tuesday, December 22, 2009
There's now a civic discussion about "saving" Pioneer Square and its authentic qualities, which is being impacted by the proposed Viaduct replacement, proposed tunnel and Waterfront redevelopment.
However, the spirit embodied by Pioneer Square, and Ralph Anderson and Associates (right there in Pioneer Square in the Union Trust Building and Annex) is more about the authentic restoration of character and scale to integrate the vibrancy of urban scale and interaction. This stems from the earlier work of Victor Steinbrueck at the University of Washington architecture department, which celebrates the uniqueness and character of the Seattle indigenous architecture, including that fascinating Richardsonian Romanesque architecture found in the downtown area's older structures.
Ralph and his firm mentored the careers of many local Pacific Northwest architects.
Monday, December 21, 2009
That was my theme when I served as AIA Chapter President in 2000, and it continues to serve as the part of the social capital component of my approach to sustainable urban planning and architecture. The other component, also missing in the calculations of the development community, is natural capital. One vision that integrates all of these elements is continuing to evolve out on the mesa above Scottsdale, Arizona. This is the Arcosanti "arcology" by Paolo Soleri that's shown in the video above.
I was a workshopper for a summer in 1978, and it was concurrent with coursework at SLO that involved the investigation of evolutionary concepts related to "Omega Point" and extensively elaborated graphically and textually by Soleri in his monographs. It's resulted in a form-based solution to human habitation at a different scale that incorporates landscapes and structures based on community and natural capitalism, i.e., living with the means of natural and human resources. It's about connections and how art, community, urban design, construction and site-based design come together in novel ways.
This vision is grounded in understanding place and form, as well as natural processes. It's about the special experience of a place and its nature, rather than the imposition of generated forms into the urban fabric or natural environment regardless of scale. These are the valuable lessons that arise from understanding a place and the needs of the people and institutions that inhabit this place. Sometimes the answer, after all the solution-seeking, is not "a building".(Note that you might have to switch to Internet Explorer to view this video)
Sunday, December 20, 2009
The California Small Business Roundtable has commissioned a report to examine the further costs of the California law passed in 2006 by the legislature. The implementation of this law, as directed by the California Air Resources Board, has been seriously compromised by the building industry special interests. We're now seeing tremendous blowback from this legislation because of the hijacking of its intent by these special interests, the construction and development sector. The CSBR has other issues with this legislative intent as well:
The economic analysis completed by ARB fails to address several key economic issues and variables or the uncertainty surrounding their costs. Examples include:
• Costs or disruptions to prices of crops arising due to changes in land use.
• Costs of reporting, monitoring, and enforcing compliance.
• Future availability of alternative fuels or any major fluctuations or disruptions in the demand supply equation and resulting prices.
• Availability of vehicles utilizing alternative fuels, and costs associated with technology advancements needed to make the vehicles commercially affordable and reasonably priced.
• The cost of financing of the new production facilities, or of the required investments for both production and distribution.
• Volatility in forecasts of prices of crude, gasoline, and diesel.
• Research and development costs for lower carbon intensity alternative transportation fuels. Initial estimates suggest that billions of dollars of costs will result from the implementation of AB 32.
In addition to the costs suggested by ARB, others include infrastructure and capital investment costs upward of $60 billion, $5 billion for new home construction, $36 billion for more fuel-efficient cars, and billions in higher food costs due to higher transportation costs and change in land use. In summary, the implementation costs of AB 32 could easily exceed $100 billion upfront.
The Pew Center has also put out its own position in climate research related to this legislation. Many cities are in the process of developing ways to measure their GHG emissions through their own benchmarks (see pdf download on the Governor's Office of Planning and Research site). This is about devising a way to report the numbers, not a mandated formula for implementing solutions to the GHG problem.
Saturday, December 19, 2009
The most progressive US president in a generation comes to the most important international meeting since the Second World War and delivers a speech so devoid of substance that he might as well have made it on speaker-phone from a beach in Hawaii. His aides argue in private that he had no choice, such is the opposition on Capitol Hill to any action that could challenge the dominance of fossil fuels in American life. And so the nation that put a man on the Moon can't summon the collective will to protect men and women back here on Earth from the consequences of an economic model and lifestyle choice that has taken on the mantle of a religion.
Then a Chinese premier who is in the process of converting his Communist nation to that new faith (high-carbon consumer capitalism) takes such umbrage at Barack Obama's speech that he refuses to meet – sulking in his hotel room, as if this were a teenager's house party instead of a final effort to stave off the breakdown of our biosphere.
Late in the evening, the two men meet and cobble together a collection of paragraphs that they call a "deal", although in reality it has all the meaning and authority of a bus ticket, not that it stops them signing it with great solemnity.
There is an accord developing off the table, however, as reported in the New York Times.
And from Thomas Friedman: "Still, I am an Earth Race guy. I believe that averting catastrophic climate change is a huge scale issue. The only engine big enough to impact Mother Nature is Father Greed: the Market. Only a market, shaped by regulations and incentives to stimulate massive innovation in clean, emission-free power sources can make a dent in global warming. And no market can do that better than America’s."
This is part of the larger issue that includes the big farming interests and the demands of the urban areas developed on a water system engineered for a climate that no longer exists. The Bay Delta is the critical asset in this picture, and the picture needs to include not just the land and water supply issues, but the entire ecosystem of the Pacific. To cite the article:
Feinstein, Senate President Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg and Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, who collectively have received hundreds of thousands of dollars from Resnick for their political campaigns, are also pushing for a peripheral canal and the destruction of the Bay-Delta Estuary in order to benefit Resnick and other rich corporate agribusiness tycoons at the expense of fish, fishermen, coastal communities, California Indian Tribes, Delta family farmers and environmental justice communities.
Resnick is one of the biggest, most wasteful "water hogs" in the state. The Beverly Hills billionaire "farms" 120,000 acres, which would use around 480,000 acre-feet of water every year. By comparison, the residential use of the city of Los Angeles is 432,594 acre-feet per year, according to the LA Department of Water and Power (LADWP).
In reaction to the State's "business as usual" approach in its Draft Vision for the Bay Delta and the allocations to large, wasteful agribusiness practices, these groups are finding "common cause" to share water equitably and protect the resources that are the source of prosperity for people and businesses throughout the state. At some point, the will to craft a solution to the Bay Delta, and pay for it, must emerge.
Friday, December 18, 2009
This is the kind of garden to keep building on, replacing the water-intensive plants with those that are hardier, opening up paved areas and using stone and gravel beds, each year is an experiment with its rewards and casualties, as any gardener knows.
But the shade is a huge relief in the summer, the strategic tree planting has paid off. I'm ten degrees cooler than unshaded yards, the tradeoff being that I now need to water the trees themselves about once a month in the spring and early summer except for the oak tree.
Thursday, December 17, 2009
Other low-key strategies that work effectively at small scales, away from the big brute-force engineering approach are being applied in other countries. A good example is the use of check dams in India for retention of rainwater. This has refurbished the aquifers and provided the water needed for the trees to stay alive and grow, providing shade, oxygen and humidity in hot climates.
This concept has its application in myriad ways in suburban and urban environments. It's entirely possible to do and is actually a necessary approach in order to capture the rainfall we do get. There are all kinds of creative and pragmatic approaches to this at the small scale, and city zoning regulations can be tweaked to encourage less paving, smaller building footprints and more landscaping. Pocket parks are a good way to integrate this function and provide access to natural environments for people, famously championed by Thomas Hoving in NYC during his tenure as a NYC Parks Commissioner.
California's Central Valley and Sierra has lost a lot of water over the past six years and is heading for "high and dry" very quickly. This data has been traced by GRACE satellites. UC Irvine engineering professor James Famiglietti states that drought and excessive pumping of groundwater have combined to cause the water loss. This kind of issue, created by overengineered systems as well as climate change, can be mitigated by using the approach of replenishing aquifers using both low-tech and high-tech methods.
Postscript: This has triggered a critical reaction against pending water legislation that will make the problem far worse by allowing water agencies to profit from subsidized water sales:
The alarming new findings also demonstrate the urgency of stopping Dianne Feinstein's Water Transfer Facilitation Act of 2009 (S 1759), a dangerous piece of legislation that will enable corporate water contractors to make even more profits than they are now by marketing subsidized water. The bill will allow the federal government to approve water transfers and fast-track the environmental review process at the expense of collapsing fish populations.
Wednesday, December 16, 2009
CSR Wire has a report today that's written around a clear description of Climate Justice, and how it needs to involve all the small nations of the globe as well as the big global powers. This is truly a shift in the power balance and the idea that a few big conglomerate-based nations can carve out the pie for themselves. The New York Times article goes into a comprehensive discussion of how this agreement can help all countries preserve what are now disappearing natural assets.
Beyond those strategies lies the "regenerative" path that needs to be taken by the large industrial countries to severely reduce carbon production in all aspects and help bring the ecosphere back into balance. This presents unprecedented opportunities for innovation and creativity to drive a true prosperity for the human race and this planet.
Tuesday, December 15, 2009
Remember the election of 2000 that the Florida Supreme Court's order for a recount of the disputed Florida vote was overruled by the U.S. Supreme Court in a politicized 5-4 decision, of which dissenting Justice John Paul Stevens remarked: "Although we may never know with complete certainty the identity of the winner of this year's presidential election, the identity of the loser is perfectly clear. It is the nation's confidence in the judge as an impartial guardian of the rule of law."
Remember the election of 2004 in Ohio, the critical battleground state that clinched Bush's victory in the electoral college. Officials there purged tens of thousands of eligible voters from the rolls, neglected to process registration cards generated by Democratic voter drives, shortchanged Democratic precincts when they allocated voting machines and illegally derailed a recount that could have given Kerry the presidency.
So Al Gore never had a chance to save the polar ice cap, or the bears. Unfortunately, this also allowed the entrenched power structure to craft structures that kept old, polluting industries and development in place and force the expansion of more pollution and carbon into the environment. Under the guise of "green". So, of course, the politics of Green are even more powerful than its so-called socialist or revolutionary components. This "manifest destiny" continues as the driver for the consumption of more and more resources, having transmutated from a vision of freedom and liberty to the ethos of marketing and consumption.
This is surprising, given that the true vibrancy and creativity in new enterprises is at the forefront of science and innovation, which is what built this country into a global power during World War II. That character of "yankee ingenuity" and "can-do" has been smothered by the old power base in order to protect its earning power and enhance its assets. These early signs of decrepitude don't bode well for green industries here in the USA, so be on the lookout for new initiatives elsewhere on the globe. The next power structure will be...?
Monday, December 14, 2009
Strategies being put in place locally now are water replenishment of aquifers in order to prevent incursion of sea water, using spreading basins over a large area. This allows existing wells to provide water without overdrafting the aquifers, and is a regional approach. A different method of re-using water, applicable on a smaller scale, is water recycling for use as greywater in local home landscaping, commercial and industrial uses. This requires some area for water holding and treatment prior to supplying it in the common "purple pipe" supply system, so it's not just re-using collected rainwater, for example. The latest scramble in Southern California has now become access to sewerage systems as a source of water reclamation. Maybe we can get paid to flush the toilet like we do to put in solar panels?
Unfortunately, the overseeing agency for these Water Districts has consistently found overspending and a lack of accountability with all of the districts and water suppliers, as I've pointed out here. This kind of thing is always rampant in bureaucracies, natch. Public money turns into play money, as well as a lot of unneeded construction projects. Old-boy dealing at its finest.
One of the simplest ways to get water into the ground in smaller residential lots is to direct rainwater into "dry wells" and landscape areas away from the house foundation, such as I've demonstrated here. This avoids a lot of the red tape issues, and keeps normal rainfall out of the storm drains which just take it out to sea with a lot of debris and pollution. A solution such as permeable driveways is also very doable at the residential scale, as long as cars are not parked on it for long periods of time without an oil pan.
All of these methods can improve water supply and ground water conditions, as well as maintain landscaping that tempers the heat and prevents the absorption and re-radiation of sunlight. This is becoming critically important in the Southwestern United States as the climate dries out and the temperatures increase. This is necessary direction to take in upgrade, maintenance, redevelopment and infill development so that natural processes can be incorporated to re-establish the natural systems in spite of our human presence.
Friday, December 11, 2009
While this transit system is still in its infancy, some local and regional efforts have started to pay off in changing the car culture. UCLA has managed to reduce traffic with careful coordination and planning to relieve a nightmarish parking situation on campus. It takes advantage of incentives, strong management, and strategic planning that targets the existing bottlenecks and increases service to cut down on automobile traffic.
Some local community planning efforts have also integrated the LA light rail system to good effect, with some small-scale infill development centered around the rail stops. This takes several years of planning and integration to achieve effective results.
Now California is about to put transit-oriented development on steroids by forcing housing and commercial/retail quotas into the city General Plans via SB 375. There should be careful study of transit linkages as well as a consensus on sustainable growth in communities. Unfortunately under this legislation the development gets ramrodded into any areas considered to be transit ways; it requires build out of large masses of mixed-use development within 18 months of adopting the SCAG quotas in the General Plans.
This makes no sense.
Slamming this kind of overdevelopment into urban areas does not change the form of sprawl, it just magnifies the problem and dumps tremendous amounts of traffic into one area as well as intensifying regional traffic. The linkages have to be in place, designed for the transit load. If the volume is increased drastically, the "pipe size" has to be quadrupled and replaced immediately, and the "outflow" impacts both ends of the pipe. There is also the major question about the effectiveness of public transit itself; it's just not that effective.
So there is a serious fallacy in this legislation, which unfortunately will be very destructive to communities and urban areas with the overdevelopment load on their infrastructure and available land. One would hope that the legislature will be brought to its senses before this becomes implemented.
Thursday, December 10, 2009
The degradation of this web of life is poignantly examined by Jeff Corwin, who adds to the extensively published anecdotal archive of degenerative changes to the biosphere from across our planet. I've seen it too, as have many of my friends around the globe who care about the changes they see happening so very, very quickly now.
Another observation in today's local paper, Pasadena Star-News:
I have been scuba diving Southern California for 18 years and witnessed first hand the rapid decline of many species.
Canary rockfish are seriously depleted. Black rockfish are seriously depleted. Pacific angel sharks are seriously depleted. Bocaccio are seriously depleted. Sheephead are seriously depleted. Red abalone are seriously depleted. Black and white abalone are endangered. Kelp forests have been reduced by 80 percent or more in the last 100 years.
Sadly, many areas of the Channel Islands and the coastal regions of Los Angeles and Orange counties have been dramatically transformed by overfishing. Today, they hardly resemble what they were just two decades ago. It is irresponsible to allow this to continue unchecked so that a few individuals can have so-called "fun" hunting and fishing for recreation.
On Wednesday, the Department of Fish and Game was meeting in Los Angeles to consider adopting a map of marine protected areas along our beautiful Southern California coast. Although the proposed map leaves many key habitats unprotected from unregulated and indiscriminate exploitation, including essential hot spots in Palos Verdes and Catalina, we must be there at the meeting in order to prevent further erosion of the proposed map.
I'm concerned that the Department of Fish and Game will give in to fear-mongering from fishing interests and anglers and weaken these protected areas that only amount to approximately 10 percent of our coast. The science is clear and tells us the need for action in order to protect many of these species from permanently collapsing. We now have a unique opportunity for conservation that may not come again for many years.
Monday, December 7, 2009
Vera had followed Frank Lloyd Wright throughout his career with a shelf full of books on his work, and convinced him to produce plans for a new vision of a facility of open, transparent government that includes the Council Chambers, the Courthouse facilities, a library and administrative offices. She was instrumental in maneuvering Wright into agreeing to do a design for the Marin County Courthouse, which proved to be his last design comission prior to his death after a long, dramatic and interesting life. His death was the turning point for the political impetus from the community needed to wrest control from the old guard and finalize the contract to construct the building.
Carefully integrated into the site, this building displays classic elements of the FLLW lexicon, including the illuminated ceiling forms and the dramatic internal curved walkways. Its roof and spire are visible indicators of a fresh vision of the County of Marin that the citizens were successful in bringing about. It's a dynamic building that has accepted some modifications (such as the skylight spine to keep the rain out) with grace.
Sunday, December 6, 2009
San Francisco, California, on Maiden Lane. Forerunner to the Guggenheim Museum in NYC and the Marin County Courthouse. Frank Lloyd Wright's other passions include his women, as indelibly portrayed in a book by T.C. Boyle. The book captures this indomitable will that became legend among clients, students and his contemporaries.
Saturday, December 5, 2009
Here in the USA we're asked a different question about Gas. It starts with our Uncle Sugar wanting to know how much Gas there is. So Uncle Sugar passed a law that makes us tell him, how very nice of him to ask us so politely.
This Gas is what heats up the planet, and we must not do this. So we must tell how much we're doing something that we're not supposed to be doing. Usually we cross our fingers when we hafta tell. In California all our politicians are doing this and fibbing to their little brothers and sisters who elected them. So what shall we say that we're supposed to tell them today?
That we will not be making this Gas if we build more and more houses and shops. And they scold us and scold us if we don't build these houses and shops faster and faster, so that we won't be making Gas anymore. We asked Mommy why all those houses stop us from making Gas, and she said it's because they don't actually stop the Gas, they just make so much more heat and trash that it looks like there's no Gas. This will also be expensive for us, we'll have to give a lot of our nickels to Uncle Sugar and Big Brother legislature to not have Gas.
So we'll just go outside and play and not worry about Gas except at French restaurants.
Friday, December 4, 2009
70 percent of the average city’s greenhouse gas emissions come from buildings (includes traffic emissions to deliver its components, equipment and products) LEED standards quantify this interconnection.
Since cities consume 75 percent of the world’s energy and are home to 75 percent of the world’s population, the upside becomes that with this increased population density comes a reduction in gasoline usage and energy costs per capita. (This applies to dense city cores) Its "converse" is that suburban sprawl is unsustainable, but the older "grid" communities relatively close to city centers are not a problem, especially if they have not mansionized .
This is the concept that SCAG is completely missing the ball with. Their solution is adding traffic to areas that don't have the ability to densify due to their old infrastructure and scale. Then this adds a load of traffic to arterials and freeways that did not exist before, since older communities are not linked directly to downtown. It's different on the east coast, for example, where the old grid communities were built up around the commuter rail into NYC. That is a form-based configuration that can't be imposed on vast tracts of suburbia.
Thus Southern California will need to try to adapt some "hub" concentrations in the medium cities like Pasadena, Glendale, Burbank, etc. but they're pretty much at their limits now. There's a huge backlash building in Pasadena and adjacent communities over the amount and density of growth that has already occurred, mostly due to the major increase in traffic. Which this configuration was supposed to solve, but frankly is simply a justification for more square footage, and that always adds CO2 no matter what you do.
Remember Elizabeth Kubler-Ross and the five emotional stages of dealing with approaching death? Collectively we're still in denial about what the impact of human societies are on the planet, moving into bargaining. Hope it's not inevitable that humanity moves into acceptance and death, which is a fatalistic response to a solvable problem. You can't have it all without a cost, so you shrink Bigfoot.
Thursday, December 3, 2009
Another living wall in Madrid (photo above) is also by Patric Blanc.
This is a creative approach that is used as an artistic statement, and an incremental one that can help mitigate the impact of construction in urban areas. It's a very visible application of plant material used as part of a dynamic urban environment, and puts in high profile the drip irrigation and grey water systems that recycle water and make it available to the environment again.
Wednesday, December 2, 2009
Now shall we extend this salvation to all people, the creatures and life that inhabit our home, the planet?
When we begin to see, to understand, the vast tapestry of nature and its critical balances and complexities, it's then time to make some decisions together as a human race. For example, the study of natural sciences leads to kind of a "natural understanding" of what global realities we're dealing with, which is undergirded by the scientific method of study and rigorous analysis. A remarkable interview with Jane Goodall by Bill Moyers cuts to the heart of the issue:
Moyers: You even wrote once that it was your study of chimpanzees that crystallized your own belief in the ultimate destiny toward which humans are still evolving. What is that? What is that ultimate destiny? And how did the chimps contribute to your understanding?
Goodall: Because, when you have the thing that's more like us than any other living thing on the planet that helps you to realize the differences. You know, how are we different. And so, we have this kind of language. So, that's led to our intellectual development. That's led to refining of morals. And, you know, the questions about meaning and life and everything. So I think we've moving or should be moving towards some kind of spiritual evolution. Where we understand without having to ask why.
Tuesday, December 1, 2009
The yarn is spun in this shop, then sent out for the dyeing process. It is later woven by skilled labor that produces rugs of all kinds of designs, both traditional and modern. I was struck by how similar some of the designs were to the Navajo rugs produced here in the American Southwest for sale in the trading posts. The only difference was the pattern form and the colors of the dyes. The weaving process produces very similar patterning templates that generate the designs.
That's the beauty of craftwork and the labor of design; it's universal. And priceless.